In addition to anterior glenoid bone loss, patients with traumatic shoulder instability may also experience bone loss of the posterolateral humeral head, often referred to as a Hill-Sachs lesion. Depending on the size and position of the Hill-Sachs lesion, the lesion may engage with the anterior glenoid rim upon certain movements. The role that Hill-Sachs lesions play in recurrent instability1 have led many to address them through a technique called Remplissage. In this technique, the lesion is "filled" by infraspinatus tenodesis and posterior capsulodesis to prevent the lesion from engaging with the glenoid rim. Many studies have shown favorable results in using Remplissage to address Hill-Sachs lesions and prevent recurrent dislocation, reporting failure rates of 0-15%2-7.
1Palmer I, Widen A. The bone block method of recurrent dislocation of the shoulder
joint. J Bone Joint Surg 1948;30: 53-58.
2Purchase RJ, Wolf EM, Hobgood ER, Pollock ME, Smalley CC. Hill-Sachs remplissage: An arthroscopic solution for the engaging Hill-Sachs lesion. Arthroscopy 2008;24:723-726.
3Park MJ, Tjoumakaris FP, Garcia G, Patel A, Kelly JD. Arthroscopic remplissage with Bankart repair for the treatment of glenohumeral instability with Hill-Sachs defect. Arthroscopy 2011;27:1187-1194.
4Nourissant G, Kilinc AS, Werther JR, Doursounian L. A prospective, comparative, radiological and clinical study of the influence of the “Remplissage ”procedure on shoulder range of motion after stabilization by arthroscopic Bankart repair. Am J Sports Med 2011;39:2147-2152
5Haviv B, Mayo L, Biggs D. Outcomes of arthroscopic “remplissage”: Capsulotenodesis of the engaging large Hill-Sachs lesion. J Orthop Surg Res 2011;6:1-5
6Zhu Y, Zhang J, Shen J, Jiang C. Arthroscopic Bankart repair combined with remplissage technique for the treatment of anterior shoulder instability with engaging Hill-Sachs lesion: A report of 49 cases with a minimum 2-year follow-up. Am J Sports Med 2011;39:1640-1647
7Boileau P, O’Shea K, Vargas P, Pinedo M, Old J, Zumstein M. Anatomical and functional results after arthroscopic Hill-Sachs remplissage. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2012;94:618-626.